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These verses give some description about what is commonly called 'The Garden of Eden'. The Lord God planted this garden in the eastern part of the district of Eden. The name Eden meant 'delight'.
In the garden God caused all kinds of beautiful and useful trees to grow. Not only would the garden be a pleasant place in which to live but there would be plenty to eat and a wide variety of different fruits. There were also in the garden two special trees. One of these trees was called 'the tree of life' and the other was called 'the tree of the knowledge of good and evil'.
A river starting in Eden flowed through the garden and divided to form the beginning of four separate rivers. The first of these was the Pison which may be the Cyrus flowing through Colchis called in these verses Havilah. The second river is Gihon or the Araxes in Asia, not to be confused with the present Ethiopia in Africa. The third river is Hiddekel or the Tigris which flows in front of Assyria. The last river is Euphrates. These four rivers enable us to have some idea of where the garden of Eden was situated. We cannot any longer know the exact location nor is it important. The remains of the garden would be washed away by the flood in Noah's day. It is enough for us to know that there was such a place somewhere in the area of the Tigris and the Euphrates.
'And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food: the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil'.(Genesis 2.9)
'In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations'. (Revelation 22.2)
District, delight, beautiful, variety, confused, situated, pleasant, yield, approximate.
1. Where did God plant the garden?
2. What sort of trees grew in the garden?
3. Which two special trees grew in the garden?
4. Give the names of the four rivers mentioned in connection with the Garden of Eden.
5. Why can we no longer say exactly where the garden was situated?
1. Use an atlas to find the rivers Euphrates and Tigris. Sketch your own map of the region and colour the rivers, seas, mountains and deserts in different colours.
2. Look up the following verses in your Bible in connection with the garden of Eden and record what is mentioned in them: Genesis 2.15, Genesis 3.23, Isaiah 51.3 and Joel 2.3.
Psalm 24.1-2 (Common Metre)
The earth belongs unto the Lord,
and all that it contains;
The world that is inhabited,
and all that there remains.
For the foundations thereof
he on the seas did lay,
And he hath it established
upon the floods to stay.