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Confession 5.1. God the great Creator of all things doth
uphold,(a) direct, dispose, and govern all creatures, actions, and things,(b)
from the greatest even to the least,(c) by His most wise and holy
providence,(d) according to His infallible fore-knowledge,(e) and the free and
immutable counsel of His own will,(f) to the praise of the glory of His
wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy.(g)
(a) Heb. 1:3.
(b) Dan. 4:34, 35; Ps. 135:6; Acts 17:25, 26, 28; Job 38 to 41 chapters.
(c) Matt. 10:29, 30, 31.
(d) Prov. 15:3; Ps. 104:24; Ps. 145:17.
(e) Acts 15:18; Ps. 94:8, 9, 10, 11.
(f) Eph. 1:11; Ps. 33:10, 11.
(g) Isa. 63:14; Eph. 3:10; Rom. 9:17; Gen. 45:7; Ps. 145:7.
Confession 5.2. Although, in relation to the
fore-knowledge and decree of God, the first Cause, all things come to pass
immutably, and infallibly:(h) yet, by the same providence, He ordereth them to
fall out, according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily,
freely, or contingently.(i)
(h) Acts 2:23.
(i) Gen. 8:22; Jer. 31:35; Exod. 21:13 with Deut. 19:5; I Kings 22:28, 34; Isa.
Confession 5.3. God in His ordinary providence maketh
use of means,(k) yet is free to work without,(l) above,(m) and against them at
(k) Acts 27:31, 44; Isa. 55:10, 11; Hos. 2:21, 22.
(l) Hos. 1:7; Matt. 4:4; Job 34:20.
(m) Rom. 4:19, 20, 21.
(n) II Kings 6:6; Dan. 3:27.
Confession 5.4. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom,
and infinite goodness of God so far manifest themselves in His providence,
that it extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels
and men;(o) and that not by a bare permission,(p) but such as hath joined with
it a most wise and powerful bounding,(q) and otherwise ordering and governing
of them, in a manifold dispensation, to His own holy ends;(r) yet so, as the
sinfulness thereof proceedeth only from the creature, and not from God, who,
being most holy and righteous, neither is, nor can be, the author or approver
(o) Rom. 11:32, 33, 34; II Sam. 24:1 with I Chron. 21:1; I Kings 22:22, 23; I
Chron. 10:4, 13, 14; II Sam. 16:10; Acts 2:23; Acts 4:27, 28.
(p) Acts 14:16.
(q) Ps. 76:10; II Kings 19:28.
(r) Gen. 50:20; Isa. 10:6, 7, 12.
(s) James 1:13, 14, 17; I John 2:16; Ps. 50:21.
Confession 5.5. The most wise, righteous, and gracious
God doth oftentimes leave for a season His own children to manifold
temptations, and the corruption of their own hearts, to chastise them for
their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption,
and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they may be humbled;(t) and, to raise
them to a more close and constant dependence for their support upon Himself,
and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for
sundry other just and holy ends.(u)
(t) II Chron. 32:25, 26, 31; II Sam. 24:1.
(u) II Cor. 12:7, 8, 9; Ps. 73 throughout; Ps. 77:1 to 12; Mark 14:66 to the
end, with John 21:15, 16, 17.
Confession 5.6. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom
God, as a righteous Judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden,(w) from
them He not only withholdeth His grace, whereby they might have been
enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts;(x) but
sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had,(y) and exposeth them to
such objects as their corruption makes occasions of sin;(z) and, withal, gives
them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of
Satan:(a) whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, even under
those means which God useth for the softening of others.(b)
(w) Rom. 1:24, 26, 28; Rom. 11:7, 8.
(x) Deut. 29:4.
(y) Matt. 13:12; Matt. 25:29.
(z) Deut. 2:30; II Kings 8:12, 13.
(a) Ps. 81:11, 12; II Thess. 2:10, 11, 12.
(b) Exod. 7:3 with Exod. 8:15, 32; II Cor. 2:15, 16; Isa. 8:14; I Pet. 2:7, 8;
Isa. 6:9, 10 with Acts 28:26, 27.
Confession 5.7. As the providence of God doth in general
reach to all creatures, so after a most special manner, it taketh care of His
Church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof.(c)
(c) I Tim. 4:10; Amos 9:8, 9; Rom. 8:28; Isa. 43:3, 4, 5, 14.