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Confession 7.1. The distance between God and the
creature is go great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto
Him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of Him as their
blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God's part,
which He hath been pleased to express by way of covenant.(a)
(a) Isa. 40:13, 14, 15, 16, 17; Job. 9:32, 33; I Sam. 2:25; Ps. 113:5, 6; Ps.
100:2, 3; Job. 22:2, 3; Job 35:7, 8; Luke 17:10; Acts 17:24, 25.
Confession 7.2. The first covenant made with man was a
covenant of works,(b) wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his
posterity,(c) upon condition of perfect and personal obedience.(d)
(b) Gal. 3:12.
(c) Rom. 10:5, Rom. 5:12 to 20.
(d) Gen. 2:17; Gal. 3:10.
Confession 7.3. Man by his fall having made himself
incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second,(e)
commonly called the covenant of grace; wherein He freely offereth unto sinners
life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in Him, that they
may be saved,(f) and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto
life His Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe.(g)
(e) Gal. 3:21; Rom. 8:3; Rom. 3:20, 21; Gen. 3:15; Isa. 42:6.
(f) Mark 16:15, 16; John 3:16; Rom. 10:6, 9; Gal. 3:11.
(g) Ezek. 36:26, 27; John 6:44, 45.
Confession 7.4. This covenant of grace is frequently set
forth in Scripture by the name of a Testament, in reference to the death of
Jesus Christ the Testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things
belonging to it, therein bequeathed.(h)
(h) Heb. 9:15, 16, 17; Heb. 7:22; Luke 22:20; I Cor. 11:25.
Confession 7.5. This covenant was differently
administered in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel:(i) under
the law, it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices,
circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to
the people of the Jews, all fore-signifying Christ to come:(k) which were, for
that time, sufficient and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to
instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah,(l) by whom
they had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation; and is called, the Old
(i) II Cor. 3:6, 7, 8, 9.
(k) Heb. 8, 9, 10 chapters; Rom. 4:11; Col. 2:11, 12; I Cor. 5:7.
(l) I Cor. 10:1, 2, 3, 4; Heb. 11:13; John 8:56.
(m) Gal. 3:7, 8, 9, 14.
Confession 7.6. Under the gospel, when Christ, the
substance,(n) was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is
dispensed are the preaching of the Word, and the administration of the
sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper:(o) which, though fewer in number,
and administered with more simplicity, and less outward glory; yet, in them,
it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy,(p) to all
nations, both Jews and Gentiles;(q) and is called the New Testament.(r) There
are not therefore two covenants of grace, differing in substance, but one and
the same, under various dispensations.(s)
(n) Col. 2:17.
(o) Matt. 28:19, 20; I Cor. 11:23, 24, 25.
(p) Heb. 12:22 to 28; Jer. 31:33, 34.
(q) Matt. 28:19; Eph. 2:15, 16, 17, 18, 19.
(r) Luke 22:20.
(s) Gal. 3:14, 16; Rom 3:21, 22, 23, 30; Ps. 32:1 with Rom. 4:3, 6, 16, 17,
23, 24; Heb. 13:8; Acts 15:11.