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Confession 11.1. Those whom God effectually calleth, He
also freely justifieth;(a) not by infusing righteousness into them, but by
pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as
righteous, not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's
sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other
evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness, but by imputing the
obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them,(b) they receiving and resting
on Him and His righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of
themselves, it is the gift of God.(c)
(a) Rom. 8:30; Rom. 3:24.
(b) Rom. 4:5, 6, 7, 8; II Cor. 5:19, 21; Rom. 3:22, 24, 25, 27, 28; Tit. 3:5,
7; Eph. 1:7; Jer. 23:6; I Cor. 1:30, 31; Rom. 5:17, 18, 19.
(c) Acts 10:43; Gal. 2:16; Phil. 3:19; Acts 13:38, 39; Eph. 2:7, 8.
Confession 11.2. Faith, thus receiving and resting on
Christ and His righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification;(d) yet
is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all
other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love.(e)
(d) John 1:12; Rom. 3:28; Rom. 5:1.
(e) Jam. 2:17, 22, 26; Gal. 5:6.
Confession 11.3. Christ, by His obedience and death, did
fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a
proper, real, and full satisfaction to His Father's justice in their behalf.(f)
Yet, inasmuch as He was given by the Father for them;(g) and His obedience and
satisfaction accepted in their stead;(h) and both freely, not for anything in
them; their justification is only of free grace;(i) that both the exact
justice, and rich grace of God, might be glorified in the justification of
(f) Rom. 5:8, 9, 10, 19; I Tim. 2:5, 6; Heb. 10:10, 14; Dan. 9:24, 26; Isa.
53:4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12.
(g) Rom. 8:32.
(h) II Cor. 5:21; Matt. 3:17; Eph. 5:2.
(i) Rom. 3:24; Eph. 1:7.
(k) Rom. 3:26; Eph. 2:7.
Confession 11.4. God did, from all eternity, decree to
justify all the elect,(l) and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for
their sins, and rise again for their justification:(m) nevertheless, they are
not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth, in due time, actually apply Christ
(l) Gal. 3:8; I Pet. 1:2, 19, 20; Rom. 8:30.
(m) Gal. 4:4; I Tim. 2:6; Rom. 4:25.
(n) Col. 1:21, 22; Gal. 2:16; Tit. 3:3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
Confession 11.5. God doth continue to forgive the sins
of those that are justified:(o) and although they can never fall from the
state of justification;(p) yet they may, by their sins, fall under God's
fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto
them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew
their faith and repentance.(q)
(o) Matt. 6:12; I John 1:7, 9; I John 2:1, 2.
(p) Luke 22:32; John 10:28; Heb. 10:14.
(q) Ps. 89:31, 32, 33; Ps. 51:7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12; Ps. 32:5; Matt. 26:75; I
Cor. 11:30, 32; Luke 1:20.
Confession 11.6. The justification of believers under
the old testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the
justification of believers under the new testament.(r)
(r) Gal. 3:9, 13, 14; Rom. 4:22, 23, 24; Heb. 13:8.